Data from a mental health survey of more than 10,000 veterinarians in the United States suggests that nearly one in 10 U.S. veterinarians might experience serious psychological distress and that more than one in six might have contemplated suicide since graduating from veterinary school.
Psychological distress isn’t just a serious problem for the stressed veterinary professional. When it takes the form of compassion fatigue, it can be harmful to colleagues and patients as well.
Compassion fatigue is a state of extreme tension caused by intense, extended periods of focusing on the suffering of others (animals included) without practicing self-care. Common signs of compassion fatigue include apathy, excessive blaming, isolation, bottled up emotions, substance abuse and either the inability or the unwillingness to perform tasks appropriately.
If compassion fatigue has you feeling burnt out on the job, you need to make some long-term changes in your life. To get through the day, though, try these tips: Navigating the 5 Cs of coping with compassion fatigue.
(Note: These tips should not be considered a substitute for professional assessment or therapy.)
When we get upset, our heart rate and blood pressure go up and our breathing can become shallow, which can increase anger, frustration or anxiety. Try grounding yourself with simple relaxation techniques.
Find a quiet place to sit, visualize a “safe place” and breathe deeply while consciously relaxing the muscles in your body. Start with clenching and relaxing the muscles in your feet, then move up. If you are in a hurry, just do this with major muscle groups. If you have time, isolate small areas and contract/relax them one at a time. Doing this for even just a few minutes can make a marked difference.
Collect your thoughts
Ever had a day where it feels like nothing goes according to plan and every second seems to bring more bad news and bad attitudes? Pause and take a moment to be objective: Are things really that bad? Are people being short with you because you were short with them first? Are you having trouble focusing because there’s too much on your plate? Are you feeling frazzled, obsessing over an event from earlier in the day?
Take a break and remove yourself from the situation to examine your behavior, determine the root of the problem and brainstorm ideas for resetting the tone for the day. If you really were rude to someone else, that might mean seeking out a colleague to apologize. (You’ll be glad you did.)
When something stressful or sad happens (which can be daily in a veterinary hospital), don’t buy into the lie that you just have to grin and bear it. Give yourself permission to feel sad or angry. It’s normal and healthy to have feelings and to express them.
Find a coworker you trust and talk about what’s bothering you. Ask for objective feedback, or use it as a chance to simply get something off your chest. If the problem is another coworker, make a plan to talk to your colleague or to management at an appropriate time. Ignoring a problem does not make it go away. In fact, you are more likely to act out inappropriately when an ongoing issue continues unaddressed.
Remember that you are only one person and cannot accommodate every pet owner who wants to get in at the last minute or every client who asks you to call them. Set boundaries. Give yourself permission to say "no" on a really stressful day. Explain to the client that you’ll do a better job when you have the time and rest to provide their pet with the proper attention and care. Saying no doesn’t make you a bad veterinary professional—it can make you a better one.
There are ways to set boundaries without being rude. Let’s take, for example, the client who wants to give frequent updates on her pet in the form of daily, one-hour(!) phone calls.
You might say, “Mrs. Smith, you are such an attentive mom to Fluffy. It’s very helpful to know what is going on with him. Because of my schedule, I cannot speak with you every day on the phone. Why don’t you email us when you have a question, even if it’s every day, and one of my technicians will get back with you by the end of the day. We can schedule a check-in every other week to discuss what’s been happening.”
Consider your needs
Self-care requires serious effort and can involve tough prioritizing. Let’s use sleep as an example. If you are not getting enough sleep to be mentally healthy, you might need to speak to your doctor or to a therapist and develop a sleep schedule. You may need to change shifts, reorganize social activities and decrease alcohol, television and smartphone use, as well.
If you’re thinking, “I don’t have time for that!” or “I can’t do that!” I want to encourage you that these changes are possible—but only if you reorganize your priorities. For mental health to move up your list of priorities, something else will naturally have to move down.